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In the project “Greening Technical Vocational Education and Training” (GT VET) a pilot training module on green skills has been developed which is supposed to accelerate the implementation of industry-relevant qualifications in company related training and national VET systems continuously. It contains four elaborated sub-modules on topics directly relevant for green skills and ecological awareness: Energy, Waste, Noise, and Raw Materials. This European training module helps to obtain comparable European learning outcomes in the field of green skills and sustainable awareness within technical VET (focusing on preventing pollution and securing occupational health and safety). The module was adapted and tested by four steel companies (ThyssenKruppSteel, TataSteel, ArcelorMittal Poland and Acciai Speciali Terni) in four member states (Germany, United Kingdom, Poland, and Italy). All steel companies were GT-VET project partners, along with research institutes in the respective countries (“tandem approach”).
In GT-VET, a sectoral learning ecosystem has been initiated. While the implementation of learning in this case takes place on the regional and local level in the four participating steel companies’ countries, GT-VET has implemented a cascading learning approach for promoting green skills:
- On the European level, the relevance of green skills was discussed and the concept of local partnerships was agreed with European employers and employees associations. Associated regulatory frameworks were analyzed and provided to the actors on the local level. These frameworks comprise the general European framework for greening technical skills, the EU VET strategy and green skills policy, and current sectoral strategies for the European Steel Industry.
- On the national level, company related legislation and directives were analysed. Furthermore, in interviews and workshops with company and VET system representatives the national industry demands for green skills were discussed in correspondence with the existing vocational education and training systems of the involved countries.
- On the sectoral level, the green skills strategies, policies and practices of central sectoral bodies were reviewed. These bodies were the European Metalworkers’ Federation (now industriALL), the European Steel Association (EUROFER) and the European Steel Technology Platform (ESTEP), aimed at maintaining the global competitiveness and sustainable future of the European steel industry.
- On a regional and local level, all results obtained before were used to develop and implement the four training modules and develop cross-sectoral partnerships which are highly sensitive towards changing training needs regarding green skills.
As a result, different nationally adapted training modules for strengthening green skills during apprenticeship and beyond are now implemented in local and regional learning ecosystems in which the companies, VET institutions and social partners are playing key roles.
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